Apr 14, 2022

(Leviticus 18, Psalm 22; Optional Romans 8:1-11, Proverbs 19:1-4)

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LEVITICUS 18 – Mostly focused on prohibiting the sexual sins practiced by the nations in the promised land. Nations that God was judging by sending Israel to carry out His judgment on them.

Lev 18:5 – Referred to in Rom 10:4-5, 10 and Gal 3:10-12, so I’ve written a cross in my margin (letting me know this used in the NT) with those references. People too often think of God’s laws as sadly restrictive, but repeatedly God connects His laws with LIFE. Sadly, only one human has perfectly kept God’s law, but Jesus’ keeping of God’s law gets applied to the life of the person who trusts in Him, and the sin of believers has already been paid for by Him on the cross (see the “Great Exchange” of 2 Cor 5:21)!

Lev 18:16 – For the exception of “levirate marriage” (when a brother would marry the widow of another brother), see Deut 25:5.

Lev 18:22 – God calling homosexuality an abomination. See even clearer commands about this in Rom 1:18-27. For those that try to say that Jesus never specifically addressed homosexuality, they’re wrong on two counts… 1) He was CLEAR that the only God-recognized marriage is between a man and a woman, as instituted in Gen 2 (see Matt 19:3-9).  2) Although Jesus was clear that SOME parts of the Mosaic Law (the cleanliness codes, etc) ARE being fulfilled in Jesus, OTHER parts (like sexual immorality which He never defines because He’s still relying on the OT definitions, such as those in Lev 18) are still valid – see Mk 7:1-23 (especially Mk 7:20-23 listing but not needing to define “sexual immorality” as defiling to a person).

Lev 18:24-30 – These laws that God defines as abominations and perversion were NOT just for the Jewish people. God is clearing holding the Gentiles in the promised land accountable for these, as well. But don’t lose heart – some of these same sins are listed in 1 Cor 6:9-11 as being sins that FORMERLY defined those who are now believing in Jesus: “And such WERE some of you. But you were WASHED, you were SANCTIFIED, you were JUSTIFIED in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.” (1 Cor 6:11, ESV)  Hallelujah, what a Savior!

PSALM 22  – Especially poignant in light of the comments about how Jesus paid for our sins (see notes at Lev 18 earlier)…

Although Psalm 22 was inspired by God in response to pain in David’s life, David is also speaking prophetically about details of the Messiah’s death on the cross that would happen 1,000 years after he wrote Psalm 22. And when David wrote this, crucifixion had not even been invented yet – God is prophesying in detail what will happen on the cross (compare Matthew 27 and Ps 22).  In this psalm, David is crying out to God when he feels utterly forsaken in an incredibly painful time. Compare Jesus pouring out His heart in Matt 26:39 and quoting Ps 22:1 from the cross (Matt 27:46).  Jesus took upon Him the sins of all who would believe in Him and took the righteous wrath of God on our behalf. So that even when we honestly FEEL forsaken by God like David expressed in Psalm 22, we know the reality is that God does NOT leave us nor forsake us (Heb 13:5-6).

Ps 22:22 – Applied by Heb 2:12 to Jesus.

Ps 22:23-31 – Note there’s a clear turning point, reflecting confidence in God even in suffering. These are hints of the resurrection and beyond!

Optional Rom 8:1-11 – Because Jesus took the punishment believers in Him DESERVE, this is what we get – NO CONDEMNATION for those who are in Christ Jesus! And a whole new life and mindset, where we are NOT characterized by doing whatever the flesh wants, but most deeply desire what God wants, and now indwelt by His Holy Spirit.

Optional Proverbs 19:1-4 – Vs 1 – Pointing out clearly that there are much worse things than being poor. Don’t miss v 3 – the person’s ruin comes from their OWN foolish choices, but they rage against God.